Let’s Get Acquainted With The Smartphone Operating System: Android and iOS, The smartphone operating system is very vital in the operation of a smartphone you have. Because the operating system will offer a lot of features and optimizations to run on an existing hardware device.
Daman all-digital as now there are many popular smartphone operating system, ranging from Android, iPhone OS, and Windows Mobile which has its own advantages and disadvantages.
But this time we will discuss the complete about the Android operating system and iPhone OS. Because the smartphone operating system is the most widely used in India today.
First of all, we will start first by discussing the new Android operating system after it is continued with iPhone OS.
- 1 ANDROID
- 1.1 History of Android
- 1.2 Multiple Versions of Android Smartphone Operating System
- 1.2.1 Android version 1.6 (Donut)
- 1.2.2 Android version 2.0 / 2.1 (Eclair)
- 1.2.3 Android version 2.2 (Froyo)
- 1.2.4 Android version 2.3 (Gingerbread)
- 1.2.5 Android version 3.0 / 3.1 (Honeycomb)
- 1.2.6 Android 4.0 (Ice Cream Sandwich)
- 1.2.7 Android 4.1 (Jelly Bean)
- 1.2.8 Android 4.4 (Kit Kat)
- 1.2.9 Android 5.0 (Lollipop)
- 1.3 4 Principles In Developing Android Operating System
- 1.4 Features Available In Android OS
- 1.5 Things That Differentiate Android With Other Operating Systems
- 2 iPhone OS
History of Android
The operating system Android was originally developed by Android Inc., then in 2005 and then purchased by the Google. Android itself is an operating system whose development is intended for mobile gadgets based on Linux.
In 2007 the Open Handset Alliance (OHA) was formed which is a consortium of several companies to develop Android. Companies incorporated in this consortium include T-Mobile, Sprint Nextel, Samsung Electronics, Qualcomm, Nvidia, Motorola, Marvell Technology Group, Intel, LG, Google, Broadcom Corporation, and Texas Instruments.
In late 2008 it was announced that there were additional new members joining the project, including Vodafone Group, Toshiba Corp., Sony Ericsson, Softbank, Germin Ltd, Atheros Communications, ARM Holdings, and others.
Multiple Versions of Android Smartphone Operating System
Android Version 1.1
Android version 1.1 was released by Google in 2009 ago. Android version 1.1 comes with app updates, voice search (Voice Search), email delivery via Gmail, Email notifications, and Alarm clock.
Android version 1.5 (Cupcake)
The latest version of Android 1.1 is Android version 1.5 (Cupcake) which has a feature update that is better than previous versions. Features of Android version 1.5 is the ability to watch videos with camera mode, there is A2DP Bluetooth support, capable of connecting automatically to a Bluetooth headset, and screen animation. Android System Version 1.5 was released in May 2009.
Android version 1.6 (Donut)
Furthermore, Android version 1.6 (Donut) released in September 2009 by Google. In Android version 1.6 this search engine look has been better than before, the presence of battery indicator and Control applet VPN. Another feature is where users can select photos to be deleted within Gallery, integrated camera with the gallery, CDMA / EVDO, existing dial contact capabilities, and WVGA resolution provisioning.
Android version 2.0 / 2.1 (Eclair)
This version of the Android system was launched in December 2009. Some changes include hardware optimization, UI changes with new browsers, contact list updates, Google Maps 3.1.2 enhancements, 3.2 MP camera flash support, Bluetooth 2.1 and digital zoom.
Android version 2.2 (Froyo)
Google next launched the latest version of Android 2.2 (Froyo) in May 2010. Some of the changes include optimization speed, memory, and overall operating system performance, can install applications on external memory, support adobe flash 10.1, and also USB tethering and Wifi function Hotspot.
Android version 2.2 is widely used by smartphones throughout the year 2010 until the end of 2011.
Android version 2.3 (Gingerbread)
In the year 2010 exactly December, Google again launched the latest Android with version 2.3. Upgrades in this version include power management, application control, multi-camera usage, improved performance, and additional Gyroscope sensors.
In 2012 Android version 2.3 (Gingerbread) has been used as much as 60% more by smartphone users. Smartphones that use Android version 2.3 has a fairly high specification because Android version 2.3 requires resources different from before.
Android version 3.0 / 3.1 (Honeycomb)
Android this one issued Google is different from previous versions because Android version 3.0 / 3.1 is designed specifically for the use of tablet PCs.
Not only that, Android Honeycomb can allow the use of multi-processor and hardware acceleration for graphics.
Android 4.0 (Ice Cream Sandwich)
Android 4.0 (Ice Cream Sandwich) was launched in late 2011 by Google. Features offered by Android 4.0 is more complete than the previous version. Users can unlock with a face sensor, a more charming, and beautiful look.
Android 4.1 (Jelly Bean)
Android Jelly Bean was introduced at Google in the Google I / O event in 2012. This version offers additional features and UI improvements, USB support, Video Game Controller, and enhancements on the NFC side.
Android 4.4 (Kit Kat)
Android version 4.4 (KitKat) was introduced in September 2013 and has improved from previous versions of Jelly Bean. Google offers some new features through Android 4.4, new hardware support, and able to run on some wearable devices like a smartwatch.
In this version also Dalvik replaced with the use of Android Runtime which makes Android version 4.4 can run faster in a device.
Android 5.0 (Lollipop)
Android version 5.0 (Lollipop) was released in late 2014. There are many differences compared to previous versions of Android.
4 Principles In Developing Android Operating System
The Android operating system is developed by Google using the Opensource principle. What is meant by Opensource is an existing app can access and use the main features that exist in the smartphone. For example, some apps can use the function call, send messages, and use the camera.
This allows Android application developers to create better applications without any creative restrictions.
Applications Created Equal
Operating System Android Smartphone never distinguishes between smartphone main app with third-party app. Both types of applications can be developed and have the same access to existing smartphones. This means that users can set their own smartphone according to their respective interests.
Android does not provide certain restrictions when a developer does new app development. For example, app developers can combine some information from the web and personal data on smartphones such as contacts and location data.
Applications Can Be Developed Easily
Android itself provides access to many libraries and tools that can ultimately be used in developing rich applications.
Features Available In Android OS
– An application framework that allows to use and move from existing components.
-Dalvik Virtual Machine which is a virtual machine that has been optimized for mobile gadgets.
– 2D and 3D graphics based on OpenGL library
– SQLite used to store data
– Supports multiple audio media as well as image formats such as MPEG4, H.264, MP3, AMR, AAC, JPG, GIF, PNG)
– Support GSM, Bluetooth, EDGE, and Wifi (Depending on hardware)
– Camera, GPS, Compass, and Accelerometer
Android is supported with a complete Software Development Kits like emulators that can help when testing applications are made and also complete documentation. Not to mention us as an app developer will not be charged a license to get Software Development Kits Android.
Another benefit gained by developers is that it does not need certification to become an Android developer. Plus Android has provided Android Market that can be used by developers to sell applications they have made to the public.
Things That Differentiate Android With Other Operating Systems
After a deep understanding of the Android operating system, we will now be entering into different operating systems and quite widely used in Indonesia. The next discussion about the iPhone OS which is the smartphone operating system used by mobile devices Apple output.
What does the discussion look like? Here’s the explanation.
Basically, Ios is an operating system developed for use on iPhone, iPad, and iPad Touch devices.
Ios operating system is almost the same as the Android operating system because both are used on mobile devices. Judging from its functions iPhone OS and Android OS are the same but have different ways of working with each other.
One example of the difference between these two operating systems is the term Launcher application on Android while it does not apply in Ios. Not only that the next difference is that Android is developed with the concept of open source while the iPhone OS is not and the development is done in a closed by the Apple itself without any interference from others.
But now since the presence of Ios 9, Apple has been more open to third-party application developers. iPhone OS also began introducing the widget feature in the Notification Center section which is a mainstay feature of Android for the past few years.
With the presence of this widget, feature opens the potential of Ios to be more extensive than ever with the help of third-party applications. For example with the use of Launch Center Pro applications, IOS users can get application launcher feature in Notification Center or quick access to activate the various functions of certain applications.
The next difference is in the iPhone OS there is no back button like the one in Android Smartphone. iPhone OS only has a Home button that has a function to exit the application.
After recognizing the differences between these two types of operating systems. Now we will start discussing Ios completely and starting from its history itself.
History and iOS versions
Early this operating system introduced to the public, the name used at the time was iPhone OS. It was only then that Ios was renamed as it is known at the present time by many societies.
Early versions of IOS were launched simultaneously with the release of the iPhone on January 9, 2007. Where at the time, Steve Jobs explained that Ios replaces OS X’s Mac device.
Prime launched public again, iPhone OS is not equipped with App Store. This means that all existing applications are from Apple’s own without the intervention of third parties. Just when iPhone OS 2 was released along with the release of iPhone 3G in 2008, Apple began to bring third-party apps along with the App Store to support it.
Exactly on June 17, 2009, Apple re-released iPhone OS 3 along with iPhone 3GS. In this version began to introduce a new feature for users in the form of support copy and paste. In addition, iPhone OS 3 is also the first to provide in-app purchase or transaction features in the application.
Apple re-launched the fourth version to coincide on June 21, 2010, along with the launch of iPhone 4 and iPhone OS was renamed to Ios 4. The name change to ios is based on that operating system is not only available on iPhone devices, but also iPod Touch and iPad. In this version, Apple began offering a new feature with support in the form of multitasking.
Continue on June 6, 2011, Apple again introduced the latest version of ios with the name of ios 5 which was launched first compared to the iPhone. Like previous versions, ios 5 offers the latest features for its users ranging from iCloud, iMessage, and Siri. Furthermore, devices with ios 5 for the first time can be activated without the need to connect to a computer or laptop.
Scott Forstall Fired
Ios 6 began to be introduced to the community on June 11, 2012. In this version of Apple started to introduce Apple Maps for the first time. But Apple Maps are getting a very negative response from its users. So with the incident of the Ios developer team leader, Scott Forstall must be fired from his post.
Because Scott Forstall has been fired, then from ios 7 who became the leader of the development team is Craig Federighi who previously joined develop OS X for Mac. Ios 7 was announced on June 10, 2013, which was released simultaneously with the iPhone 5S.
The most noticeable change from ios 7 is that the view changes more flatly. All application icons change, as well as the more interface face is dominated by white color. Features added in ios 7 include AirDrop, Control Center, and also Touch ID support.
Furthermore, on June 2, 2014, Apple re-launched ios 8 along with the iPhone 6. Lots of changes that exist in this version, ranging from bug fixes contained in ios 7, and also additional new features such as Family Sharing, iCloud Drive, Continuity, And Health.
If you recently bought a new iPhone 7 or iPhone 7 Plus, then you will need advice on how to install it on a brand new mobile phone. We will give you the steps of installing iPhone 7, iPhone 7 Plus and iPad you just purchased, recovered or transferred data and customize your Home button.
Then ios version introduced on June 8, 2015, is ios 9. New applications offered through ios 9 includes News and then the change of name of Passbook application into Wallet. In addition, Ios 9 also introduced a more proactive Siri and also support Touch 3D that brought the iPhone 6S and 6S Plus.
That’s the explanation of 2 Android and iOS smartphone operating systems. Each smartphone operating system has various advantages and disadvantages of each.
Choose the smartphone operating system that you think is most suitable for everyday use. Hopefully, the above information can add to your knowledge related smartphone operating system.
Also, share this article, Your experiences, and opinions with Infomint.net in the comments field below. Thanks for reading this article.